Route Marker 2- Regulation: Do we have core aspects of IPT regulation and enforcement in place?
IPT is typically subject to different forms of quantity (route licensing) and quality (driver licensing and vehicle inspections) regulation, although the adequacy of enforcement can vary substantially. Establishing route (and insome instances area) licensing and enforcing this well is viewed as a fundamental element of a well-functioning system, whether a public authority intends to undertake a smaller scale pilot project or introduce new formal public transport services on specific corridors.
As the experience from Accra and Kumasi suggests, inadequate enforcement of route licensing results in illegal operations, over-supply on popular routes, and loading of passengers on congested roadsides to skip queues at terminals/stations. All of this means that the operational and business model of established IPT associations and unions is badly undermined.
Cape Town, Accra, Kumasi and Maputo all have experience of setting and enforcing route licensing. One challenge that remains is that of monitoring IPT operations at timescales that allow for suitable increases (or decreases) in the number of vehicles licensed to operate, in order to balance supply with demand. A further related issue to be addressed, as raised during a TRANSITIONS workshop with representatives from seven cities, is finding an approach to ensure that IPT services are available in less profitable, off-peak periods.
For an introduction to IPT regulatory frameworks, please see:
You can also download the questionnaire template below and work on the answers with your colleagues!